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9:33 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Who, Or What, Crashed The Market In A Flash In 2010?

A reporter stands outside the front door of a house registered to a trading company operated by Navinder Singh Sarao in Hounslow, west of London. on April 22, 2015. Sarao was arrested in connection with the Wall Street flash crash of 2010.
Adrian Dennis AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 3:58 pm

It has been five years since the so-called flash crash on Wall Street raised big questions about computerized trading. What caused the flash crash has been a topic of debate ever since. U.S. officials revived the debate this week by arresting a little-known trader in London.

May 6, 2010 started out as an ordinary trading day on Wall Street. Then, at around 2:45 in the afternoon, the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged nearly 600 points within the space of a few minutes, before correcting itself.

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Fresh Air Weekend
9:03 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Fresh Air Weekend: Toni Morrison, Ross Macdonald's Crime Fiction, Will Forte

Toni Morrison's novels include Beloved, The Bluest Eye and Song of Solomon. She won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993.
Timothy Greenfield Sanders

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 11:14 am

Fresh Air Weekend highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:

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The Two-Way
8:44 am
Sat April 25, 2015

1,400 Confirmed Dead In Nepal After Powerful Earthquake

Volunteers help with rescue work at the site of a building that collapsed after an earthquake in Kathmandu, Nepal, on Saturday. The temblor is the worst in Nepal in 80 years.
Niranjan Shrestha AP

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 5:32 pm

Updated at 4:50 p.m. ET

Authorities in Nepal say nearly 1,400 people are confirmed dead following a powerful earthquake near the capital Kathmandu, where homes and ancient temples collapsed amid the intense temblor and strong aftershocks.

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The Two-Way
8:10 am
Sat April 25, 2015

There's A Sad Reason 'Migrants,' Not 'Immigrants,' Is The Word Being Used

Near Valletta, Malta, on Thursday there was a funeral service for 24 of the hundreds of migrants who died earlier in the week when the ship they were on capsized and sank.
Alessandra Tarantino AP

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 2:48 pm

As NPR and other news outlets report about the hundreds of people killed this month when the ship they were on went down off the Libyan coast, the stories are referring to those who died as "migrants."

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NPR Story
8:07 am
Sat April 25, 2015

'I Lost A Hand And This Is Workman's Comp. ... I Didn't Lose A Hook!'

Dennis Whedbee, of Homer City, Pa., lost half of his left arm in a drilling accident in North Dakota in September 2012.
Jeff Swensen for ProPublica

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

The tattoos on Dennis Whedbee's left arm describe what he lost when the North Dakota oil rig where he was working blew out in 2012. There's an image of a severed hand spurting blood, framed by the word "LOST" in block letters and the date: "9-23-12."

The message underscores Whedbee's frustration with a workers' compensation system in which benefits and access to benefits have changed in North Dakota and across the country.

"I lost a hand at work and this is workman's comp," Whedbee, 53, says at his home in Pennsylvania. "Give me what I deserve. I deserve a hand."

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Joe's Big Idea
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Hubble's Other Telescope And The Day It Rocked Our World

The Hooker 100-inch reflecting telescope at the Mount Wilson Observatory, just outside Los Angeles. Edwin Hubble's chair, on an elevating platform, is visible at left. A view from this scope first told Hubble our galaxy isn't the only one.
Courtesy of The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science Collection at the Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

The Hubble Space Telescope this week celebrates 25 years in Earth's orbit. In that time the telescope has studied distant galaxies, star nurseries, planets in our solar system and planets orbiting other stars.

But, even with all that, you could argue that the astronomer for whom the telescope is named made even more important discoveries — with far less sophisticated equipment.

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Back At Base
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

International Guard: How The Vietnam War Changed Guard Service

The National Guard Bureau commissioned this painting, "Indiana Rangers: The Army Guard in Vietnam," as part of its series of paintings depicting significant moments in Guard history. It represents members of the Company D, 151st Infantry division — one of a few Guard units deployed to Vietnam — on duty in the jungle
Mort Kunstler National Guard Bureau

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

The Vietnam War changed the National Guard.

During that conflict, joining the guard was seen as a way to avoid the draft; during America's recent wars, the guard and reserve made up nearly half the forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

You can trace the transformation of the guard back to the few units from it that did go and fight in Vietnam. And ahead of the 40th anniversary of the end of that conflict, several former guard members — who are also Vietnam vets — met up at the Veterans Of Foreign Wars Post in Carmel, Ind., just north of Indianapolis.

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Law
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Patti Reagan: Hinkley Still Capable Of Violence

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

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Politics
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Surgeon General Vivek Murthy On Gun Control, Vaccines And Science

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

A new U.S. government official took an oath of office this week.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "SESAME STREET")

RYAN DILLON: (As Elmo) Hi, Dr. Surgeon General Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, MD, MBA.

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Parallels
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Flood Of Desperate Refugees Tests Spaniards' Tolerance

Migrants wait to disembark at the Catania harbor in southern Italy on April 24. In recent weeks, hundreds of migrants leaving Libya have drowned trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to European countries, including Italy, Spain and Greece.
Alessandra Tarantino AP

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Pepe Guerrero is a doorman at a high-rise building in Malaga, on Spain's Mediterranean coast. From his post he looks out at the turquoise blue waters — where hundreds of Arab and African migrants have drowned in recent weeks.

"They're people — human beings like us," he says. "Searching for a better life."

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