As you gather with friends to watch the Olympics this weekend, why not prepare what they might serve in Sochi? Try, say, herring instead of chips.
But if you're really presenting food the Russian way, you'll need to make more than one snack. And get your libations in order.
Zakuski are often described as Russia's answer to tapas — a little bite to have with your drink.
They can be as simple as salted herring, or as rich as blini and caviar. Traditionally, when you welcome guests in from the cold (whether from the Moscow streets, or from the hundreds of miles it takes to travel to a country estate), you give them a warming shot of vodka. And to protect your stomach and palate from the harsh vodka, you quickly follow it with a bite of zakuski.
"You do not exhale, and you immediately eat something to kind of stun the taste," explains Anya von Bremzen, author of Mastering the Art of Soviet Cooking. "A shot of vodka, a little pickle, a little herring canapé."
And the dishes on the zakuski table don't just provide a delicious snack. In a sense, they tell the story of Russia. There are pickles of all sorts — green tomatoes, apples, mushrooms, cabbage — a nod to the food preservation that kept produce available during the long Russian winters.
The zakuski table also expanded during the Soviet Era — as new republics entered the Soviet Union, new flavors arose. There was the bright cuisine of the more temperate Caucasus — full of walnut sauce and fresh herbs for those with enough connections to secure them — and the Baltics, from which canned sprats are now a fixture on many zakuski tables.
The Soviet Era was also the era of mayonnaise, which brought several mayo-blanketed salads to the zakuski table, as the state promoted this new industrial product — salads like the appealingly named "Herring Under a Fur Coat," or Salat Olivier. Von Bremzen is quick to point out that the tangy Russian-brand mayonnaise, Provensal, is much tastier than its American brethren. There were also canned foods, including cans of hard-to-get items.
Laying out zakuski wasn't just about food. In a sense, it showed who you were, von Bremzen notes — especially during Soviet times.
"We had no housing to speak of, we had no cars to speak of, we all wore the same clothes," she says. "So the way you could actually show status, power, hospitality — a whole host of emotions — was through food. Through making this lavish zakuski table."
And lavish is definitely the right word. Go to a Russian party, and you will be treated to zakuski after zakuski, fit onto a groaning table with Tetris-like precision. At a recent evening outside of Portland, Ore., Bonnie Morales struggled to fit the zakuski onto her parents' table.
"Every single time, it's like we're not going to fit all this on here," Morales says with a laugh. "It's kind of embarrassing if there's tablecloth visible."
The assortment of dishes is standard for a zakuski party, but staggering for an untrained audience. Blini with butter and caviar; Salat Olivier; pickled green tomatoes, plums and apples; smoked salmon, halibut and black cod; salted mackerel; brown bread toasts with egg and smoked sprats; salted mushrooms; Herring Under a Fur Coat; fish in tomato sauce; Georgian eggplant rolls; and canapé with sprats.
And that's not counting the hot zakuski: piroshki stuffed with cabbage and golden raisins and pickled mustard seeds; blintzes filled with mushrooms; and pelmeni filled with farmer cheese.
Although these zakuski are all delicious, they're almost just an excuse to fill your glass — which is an excuse to make toasts.
Slava Frumkin, Morales' father, serves as the toastmaster, or tamada. With his poetic prompting, others also raise their glasses, lifting toasts to family, to the table, to visiting family and new friends — all with a few bites of zakuski in between.
And, as the accordion comes out, Frumkin raises a final glass to Kachka — the zakuski restaurant his daughter and son-in-law are preparing to open in Portland. They hope it will bring the family zakuski tradition to a whole new American table.
SCOTT SIMON, HOST:
And this weekend, while many Americans gather with friends to watch the Winter Olympics, Russians will do the same. Americans might favor beer and chips; in Sochi it might likely be zakuski and vodka. Reporter Deena Prichep explains the history and culture of Russia's traditional snacks.
DEENA PRICHEP, BYLINE: Zakuski are often described as Russia's answer to tapas - a little bite to have with your drink. They can be as simple as salted herring or as rich as blini and caviar. Slava and Luba Frumkin grew up in Belarus, where having an assortment of zakuski on hand was a practical matter.
SLAVA FRUMKIN: Nobody have phones. So, people would come to you unexpectedly.
LUBA FRUMKIN: Suddenly open the door, and our cousins came. Come on to the table. It's not a problem. We always have something to everybody.
PRICHEP: Having a little zakuski is a perfect way to welcome your guest in from the cold. And it's a perfect match for that first warming shot of vodka.
ANYA VON BREMZEN: A Russian rule is that you never drink alone, and you never drink without eating.
PRICHEP: Anya von Bremzen is the author of" Mastering the Art of Soviet Cooking." And she says that the dishes that make up the zakuski table, in a sense, tell the story of Russia.
BREMZEN: First of all, there's pickles. Pickles is something very archaic, very Russian. You know, this is what sustained you through the winter.
PRICHEP: The Soviet era brought new zakuski - some of them delicious.
BREMZEN: You would have Georgian, Armenian flavors. Chicken tsatsivi, chicken in walnut sauce. We had also beans with lots of spices.
PRICHEP: And some of them not so delicious.
BREMZEN: A lot of stuff with mayonnaise. It's an industrial product that the Soviet state was really pushing. And, you know, you'd have like two, three different salads under a thick blanket of mayonnaise.
PRICHEP: And von Bremzen says deciding which zakuski to serve shows who you are as a host, especially during Soviet times.
BREMZEN: We had no housing to speak of, we had no cars to speak of, we all wore the same clothes. So, the way you could actually show status, power, hospitality, you know, a whole host of emotions was through food. Through making this lavish zakuski table.
(SOUNDBITE OF CHATTER)
BONNIE MORALES: Every single time, it's like we're not going to fit all this on here.
PRICHEP: That's Bonnie Morales, the daughter of Slava and Luba Frumkin. And she's got the Tetris-like task of trying to make everything fit on their zakuski table.
MORALES: It's kind of embarrassing if there's tablecloth visible.
PRICHEP: There are pickled apples, Georgian eggplant rolls, and about a dozen other little dishes. But while the zakuski are delicious, they're almost just an excuse to fill your glass. Which, for Russians like Slava Frumkin, is an excuse for toasting, toasting family.
FRUMKIN: My sister Asya is visiting here, and this is the closest soul in the whole universe. So, I'm drinking to this.
PRICHEP: For toasting the act of toasting - Slava's son-in-law Israel.
ISRAEL MORALES: One of my favorite sayings is that the space between the first and the second shot should be very small. So, here's to making the space small.
PRICHEP: And toasting Kachka, the zakuski restaurant Israel and Bonnie are getting ready to open here in Portland, Oregon, which Slava Frumkin hopes will bring their family zakuski tradition to a whole new table.
FRUMKIN: It's the whole family history. It's my mama. I'm getting too sentimental to continue. So, let's drink to your Kachka. Good luck.
PRICHEP: And by the time the hot zakuski come out, so does the accordion.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: (Singing in foreign language)
PRICHEP: For NPR News, I'm Deena Prichep. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.