National Security
1:19 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

To Stop Cheating, Nuclear Officers Ditch The Grades

First Lt. Patrick Romanofski (center) and 2nd Lt. Andrew Beckner (left) practice the launch of nuclear weapons. Promotions are now more strongly influenced by hands-on performance in this simulator.
R.J. Oriez U.S. Air Force

Originally published on Mon July 28, 2014 7:40 pm

The young officers at F.E. Warren Air Force Base have an enormous job: to keep 150 nuclear-tipped missiles ready to launch at a moment's notice.

Understandably, they're expected to know exactly what they're doing.

Three times a month, they're tested on the weapons and the codes used to launch them. Anything less than 90 percent is a fail.

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All Songs Considered
12:47 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

Song Premiere: Horse Feathers, 'Violently Wild'

Horse Feathers.
John Clark Courtesy of the artist

Describing Horse Feathers almost inevitably diminishes the band's music: "Let's see, the lead singer has a beard and a soft voice, and he plays the acoustic guitar, and there's a string section. Oh, and they're from Portland, of course." All those identifying details hold true, and yet Horse Feathers' music never feels slight or ineffectual.

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Shots - Health News
12:41 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

With Men's Y Chromosome, Size Really May Not Matter

The human Y chromosome (left) holds the code for "maleness"; that's the X on the right.
Andrew Syred/Science Source

Originally published on Tue July 29, 2014 1:05 pm

Basic biology has it that girls are girls because they have two X chromosomes — the things inside cells that carry our genes. Boys are boys because they have one X and one Y. Recently, though, there's been a lot of debate in scientific circles about the fate of that Y chromosome — the genetic basis of maleness.

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All Songs TV
12:32 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

Allah-Las, 'No Werewolf'

Allah-Las
Courtesy of the artist

Originally published on Tue July 29, 2014 8:51 pm

At first glance, there's not much to the new video for the song "No Werewolf," from the Los Angeles garage rock band Allah-Las. But the longer you watch, the more mesmerizing it becomes.

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Krulwich Wonders...
12:19 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

Where The Birds Are Is Not Where You'd Think

Robert Krulwich/NPR

Originally published on Mon July 28, 2014 7:33 pm

This is a trick question. Where would you expect to find the greatest variety of birds?

Downtown, in a city?

Or far, far from downtown — in the fields, forests, mountains, where people are scarce?

Or in the suburbs? In backyards, lawns, parking lots and playing fields?

Not the city, right?

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World Cafe
12:16 pm
Mon July 28, 2014

Old Crow Medicine Show On World Cafe

Old Crow Medicine Show.
Andrea Behrends Courtesy of the artist

Our guests today, Old Crow Medicine Show, were singing on the street in North Carolina 14 years ago when none other than Doc Watson came by and gave them his blessing.

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Newport Folk Festival
11:55 am
Mon July 28, 2014

Nickel Creek, Live In Concert: Newport Folk 2014

Chris Thile and Sara Watkins of Nickel Creek perform at the 2014 Newport Folk Festival.
Adam Kissick for NPR

Nickel Creek's Sara Watkins, Sean Watkins and Chris Thile started out as child prodigies, then built their band into a Grammy-winning commercial force. At the height of their success, though, the three decided to break up and pursue other projects — albeit temporarily, as the title of 2007's "Farewell (For Now) Tour" suggested.

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Newport Folk Festival
11:52 am
Mon July 28, 2014

Shovels & Rope, Live In Concert: Newport Folk 2014

Cary Ann Hearst and Michael Trent of Shovels and Rope perform at the 2014 Newport Folk Festival.
Adam Kissick for NPR

Equal parts rowdy and loving, the husband-and-wife South Carolina duo Shovels & Rope radiates knockabout charm. Cary Ann Hearst and Michael Trent are equally adept at crooning moonily while locking eyes and tearing through blistering folk-rock anthems without seeming to take a breath. Hearst and Trent often swap instruments, giving their sets a freewheeling, unpredictable quality.

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Newport Folk Festival
11:49 am
Mon July 28, 2014

Pokey LaFarge, Live In Concert: Newport Folk 2014

Pokey LaFarge performs at the 2014 Newport Folk Festival.
Adam Kissick for NPR

You can bundle it up in MP3s and send it zinging through the ether, but Pokey LaFarge's music still seems as though it has emerged from the dustiest 78 at the thrift shop. LaFarge is a man out of time and a true wanderer, with the vintage clothing to match, but he never seems like a mere novelty act: His songs are too sturdy, with too much infectiously zippy energy, to feel anything but authentic.

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Newport Folk Festival
11:47 am
Mon July 28, 2014

Aoife O'Donovan, Live In Concert: Newport Folk 2014

Aoife O'Donovan performs with bassist Paul Kowert at the 2014 Newport Folk Festival.
Adam Kissick for NPR

Aoife O'Donovan got her start in a pair of folk-leaning groups, Sometymes Why and Crooked Still, the latter of which became one of the country's top modern string bands.

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